Galaxy IC 1613

IFAE Research Groups

Observational Cosmology Group

  • Observational Cosmology Group

    The main goal of the Observational Cosmology group at IFAE is to study the origin, evolution, and fate of the universe, and, in particular, to shed light on the nature of the mysterious dark energy, responsible for the current accelerated expansion of the universe.

    The Observational Cosmology Group is led by R. Miquel.

    The Dark Energy Survey (DES)

    In 2005, IFAE joined the preparations for the Dark Energy Survey (DES), the current leading imaging galaxy survey, and designed and built most of the readout electronics of DECam, the DES camera. DES started taking data in 2012 and has now finished its observations. The group has concentrated its data analysis on weak gravitational lensing, potentially the most powerful probe of dark energy, and related measurements, achieving very high impact and leading key DES publications.

    In particular, IFAE PhD students led two of the 12 so-called “essential” papers that led to the “key” paper with the cosmological constraints from the first year of DES observations (DES-Y1), published in 2018, which has already amassed over 600 citations. In DES-Y1, IFAE’s group led analyses in a number of cutting-edge topics: galaxy-galaxy lensing; photometric redshifts, including using a new technique based on angular cross-correlations; cosmic void science, including void lensing and cross-correlations with the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and lensing maps; etc.

    Dark Energy Camera (DECam) on Blanco Telescope, Cerro Tololo Observatory, Chile Credit: Reidar Hahn, Fermilab

    The IFAE group is (co-)leading several key projects for the cosmological results from the first three years of observations (DES-Y3), including the test and calibration of the measurements of the galaxy shapes for the weak lensing cosmological probe (probably the most crucial measurement in DES), mass mapping, cosmology from the moments of the mass distribution, and, again, photometric redshifts from cross-correlations, and cross-correlations between DES voids and CMB lensing. During these years, members of the group have (co-)led the all-important photometric redshift working group, the galaxy-galaxy lensing group (twice), the cosmic voids group, and the shear validation group, another critical group.

    Along the way, the group has held multiple leadership positions within DES, including the chairmanship of both the speakers’ bureau and the builders’ committee, which proposes who has the right to sign all DES papers.

    Blanco Telescope, Cerro Tololo Observatory, Chile Credit: DES Collaboration

    The PAU Survey (PAUS)

    The group also led the construction, commissioning and operation of PAUCam, a novel narrow-band imager with quasi-spectroscopical resolution installed at the William Herschel Telescope (WHT) in La Palma in 2015. Since then, the camera has surveyed the sky for 216 nights with an operation efficiency higher than 98%. The group has led several key publications of the PAU Survey (PAUS), demonstrating that PAUCam achieves the expected photo-z resolution. PAU was an entirely Spanish project until it started operations at the WHT. Since then, 5 groups in 4 European countries have joined, providing funds for operations in exchange for data rights.

    Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS)

    With the recent arrival of Andreu Font-Ribera (AFR) to IFAE, the group has been also involved in the analysis of the recently completed extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS). AFR co-led two of its key publications, including the joint cosmological analysis from its final dataset, and will take a similar leadership role in DESI, a continuation of eBOSS.

    PAUCam
    The PAU camera installed on the William Herschel telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory in La Palma, Canary Islands. Credit: IFAE

    Next generation galaxy surveys: Euclid, DESI & LSST

    For the next decade, the group is well positioned with its participation in the three most powerful next generation galaxy surveys: the ESA Euclid satellite mission, where IFAE led the development, construction and characterization of the Filter-Wheel Assembly (FWA) of the Near Infrared SpectroPhotometer (NISP), IFAE’s first flight-model space hardware; the Berkeley-led Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), where IFAE designed, built and commissioned the 10 Guiding, Focusing and Alignment (GFA) cameras, the only imaging instrument in DESI; and the Dark Energy Science Collaboration (DESC) of the Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST) at the Vera Rubin Observatory.

    The IFAE cosmology group is currently formed by 4 staff scientists, 3 postdocs and 5 PhD students.

    Artist's impression of the Euclid spacecraft.
    Artist's impression of the Euclid spacecraft. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab (spacecraft); NASA, ESA, CXC, C. Ma, H. Ebeling and E. Barrett (University of Hawaii/IfA), et al. and STScI (background)
  • Group Members

    Observational Cosmology Group

    Staff Researcher

    Postdoc Researcher

    • Santiago Avila

      Santiago Avila

    • Jonás Chaves

      Jonás Chaves

    • Hui Kong

      Hui Kong

    • Malgorzata Siudek

      Malgorzata Siudek

    PhD Student

    • Umut Demirbozan

      Umut Demirbozan

    • William Doumerg

      William Doumerg

    • Calum Gordon

      Calum Gordon

    • Elisa Legnani

      Elisa Legnani

    • César Ramírez

      César Ramírez

    • Lucy Reynolds

      Lucy Reynolds

  • International Collaborations

    Observational Cosmology Group

    DES

    The Dark Energy Survey

    The Dark Energy Survey (DES) is a visible and near-infrared survey that aims to probe the dynamics of the expansion of the Universe and the growth of large-scale structure.

      Victor Blanco Telescope in Coquimbo, Chile
    PAUCam

    PAU

    Physics of the Accelerating Universe

    The PAU (Physics of the Accelerating Universe) Survey goal is to obtain photometric redshifts (photo-z) and Spectral Energy Distribution (SED) of astronomical objects with a resolution roughly one order of magnitude better than current broad band photometric surveys.

      WHT Telescope, ORM, La Palma
    Mayall

    DESI

    The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument

    The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument is a scientific research instrument for conducting a spectrographic astronomical surveys of distant galaxies. Its main components are a focal plane containing 5,000 fiber-positioning robots, and a bank of spectrographs which are fed by the fibers.

      Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA
    Artist's impression of the Euclid spacecraft.

    Euclid

    Euclid

    Euclid is a visible to near-infrared space telescope currently under development by the European Space Agency and the Euclid Consortium. The objective of the Euclid mission is to better understand dark energy and dark matter by accurately measuring the acceleration of the universe.

     

    LSST

    Legacy Survey of Space and Time

    The Vera C. Rubin Observatory, previously referred to as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, is an astronomical observatory currently under construction in Chile. Its main task will be an astronomical survey, the Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST).

      Cerro Pachon, Chile
  • Research Projects

    Observational Cosmology Group

    COSMO-LYA

    A Cosmological Lever Arm for Fundamental Physics

    COSMO-LYA is a ERC Consolidator project that will use innovative techniques and new data from the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) to address some of the open questions in fundamental physics.COSMO-LYA will allow Andreu Font-Ribera and his team to use a large dataset of distant quasars to study some of the mysteries of our Universe: dark energy, inflation, and the mass of neutrinos.

    Asteroid

    Asteroid

    ASTronomy EuROpean Infrared Detection

    ASTEROID is an EU funded H2020-COMPET project whose main objective is to provide Europe with the capability to manufacture high performance infrared 2k2 Focal Plane Arrays of 15 µm pitch pixels that can be used in scientific and astronomical space and ground telescope missions.

    EWC

    EWC

    Enabling Weak lensing Cosmology

    Enabling Weak lensing Cosmology (EWC) is a team of cosmologists working across Europe to prepare for the next generation of astronomical data that will come from the European Space Agency Euclid mission.

  • Publications

    Observational Cosmology Group

  • Group News

    New Publication

    New Cosmology group paper

    January 12, 2023

    Cosmological Fisher forecasts for next-generation spectroscopic surveys ” by William Doumerg and collaborators has been uploaded to arXiv.

    New Member

    New Member in the Cosmology group

    November 2, 2022

    Hui Kong has joined the Observational Cosmology Group as a postdoc researcher.

    New Member

    New member in the Cosmology Group

    October 5, 2022

    Santiago Avila has joined the Observational Cosmology group at IFAE as Postdoc researcher.

    New Member

    New member in the Cosmology Group

    October 5, 2022

    Lucy Reynolds has joined the Observational Cosmology group at IFAE as PhD student.

    New Member

    New member in the Cosmology Group

    October 5, 2022

    Jonás Chaves has joined the Observational Cosmology Group at IFAE as Postdoc researcher.

    New Member

    New member in the Cosmology Group

    September 21, 2022

    William Doumerg has joined the Observational Cosmology group at IFAE.